Syngonium - a plant under the sign of the Virgin
Due to its elegance and beauty, Syngonium can fit into any interior. Its fabulous leaves have long petioles and, closing, form a continuous cascade that covers the shoots. If its stems do not find suitable support, then the syngonium grows as a groundcover or freely hangs its shoots down like an ampel. But as soon as its stems feel a suitable vertical support - and the shoots of syngonium rush up, like any climbing plant.
- Botanical description of syngonium
- Conditions for growing syngonium
- Features of plant care
- Syngonium breeding
- Diseases, pests and problems of growing syngonium
- Useful properties of syngoniums
Botanical description of syngonium
Syngonium (Syngonium) - a beautiful fast-growing vine with numerous spectacular leaves. Syngonium belongs to the aroid family; the genus includes 33 species common in Central and South America.
Syngonium is grown as a decorative foliage plant. Its flexible grassy trunk is covered with numerous aerial roots clinging to a support. There are syngoniums with whole, deeply dissected or lobed leaves.
In shape, the leaves of syngonium are heart-shaped, arrow-shaped, spear-shaped or tripartite. Interestingly, if the young syngonium forms whole sagittate leaves, then in adulthood, divided lobed leaves can form on the same plant.
The color of the leaves of syngoniums is different: plain or colorful, with silver veins, strokes or spots; leaf color varies from green in different shades to almost white.
Old instances of syngoniums rarely bloom in room conditions, suddenly surprising the hosts with the appearance of green flowers with red bracts.
In indoor floriculture, widespread:
- Syngonium ear (S. auritum) - has brilliant three-lobed dark green leaves. Its sturdy stems with a diameter of 1.5-1.8 cm grow by 70-90 cm per year.
- Syngonium Legate (S. podophyllum) with thin climbing shoots and beautiful leaves; varieties with different shape and color of leaves are bred. Has an annual growth of shoots of 45-60 cm.
Conditions for growing syngonium
From light to slightly shaded, in winter they are kept in a bright place at a temperature not lower than +18 (+16) degrees. Perfectly develop in warm rooms at a temperature of + 18 ... + 22 degrees. Shade tolerant. It blooms rarely in rooms.
Light shading of the syngonium from direct sunlight is necessary.
Throughout the year, the soil is maintained in a moderately moist state, using soft water at room temperature. In summer, watering is plentiful, in winter watering is reduced.
Syngonium prefers moderate air humidity
In summer you should often spray and wipe the leaves with a damp cloth
Features of plant care
Syngoniums do not like the bright sun, prefer a semi-shaded place, diffused light without direct sunlight. Suitable for cultivation at windows of western and eastern orientation, can grow at the northern window. Varieties with green leaves grow particularly well in partial shade. With excess sunlight, the leaves of the plants turn pale.
Plants develop well at a temperature of + 18 ... + 24 ° C, in winter - + 17 ... + 18 ° C; can tolerate short-term temperature drops of up to + 10 ° C.
Watering for syngonium should be plentiful throughout the year (the soil should always be moist, but without stagnation of water in the pan); watered after the top layer dries. In winter, with a cooler content, watered a day or two after, again, as the top layer of the substrate dries. Water the plants with soft, settled water.
Syngoniums respond positively to increased humidity. On hot days, it is recommended to spray the plant with warm, soft, standing water. Leaves must be wiped with a damp cloth. In winter, the plant cannot be kept near central heating batteries. The pot can be put in a tray with wet expanded clay or peat. In this case, the bottom of the pot should not touch the water.
In the spring-summer period, syngoniums are fed once every 2-3 weeks with liquid mineral fertilizers with a low calcium content. In winter, do not feed.
To enhance decorativeness, plants need to be supported. You can use a moss tube. When transplanting a syngonium, it is installed in the middle of the pot, then drainage is poured, and then a third of the earth. The plant is placed, after having straightened all the roots, in a circle they add earth, and then press it.
Pinching the apical shoots of the syngonium (above the 6-7th leaf), the plant can be given a more bushy shape.
Young plants are transplanted - annually, adults - once every 2-3 years. The soil for transplantation of syngonium is taken neutral and slightly acidic (pH 6-7), a loose and well-permeable nutrient mixture of leaf and turf land, peat and sand (1: 1: 1: 0.5) is suitable. At the bottom of the pot provide good drainage.
Syngonium can be grown as a hydroponic culture. Plants are transplanted every two years in the spring.
Plants are propagated by apical cuttings, as well as pieces of shoot. When dividing the syngonium shoot, it should have a kidney (eye) on it. Rooted in a wiring box at a temperature of + 24 ... + 26 °. After rooting, the plants are planted one by one in 7-9-centimeter pots. The composition of the earthen mixture is as follows: turf - 1 hour, leaf - 1 hour, peat - 1 hour, sand - 1/2 hour.
Plants are placed in a greenhouse with a temperature of + 18 ... + 20 ° C. Water abundantly. In spring and summer, syngonium is sprayed to increase air humidity. In summer, shading from the bright rays of the sun and abundant watering are needed. To force branching, young plants pinch over the 6th leaf. Caring for plants is the same as for scindapsus.
Diseases, pests and problems of growing syngonium
Syngonium is rarely attacked by pests, but most often it is affected by aphids and scale insects.
Aphids - damage the leaves of syngonium from the lower side, the tops of the shoots. Damaged parts discolor, leaves curl, turn yellow and fall off.
Control measures. Spraying with phytoerm, actellik, intavir. In case of severe damage, repeat treatment.
Shield - settles on the leaves of syngonium on both sides and stems. A damaged plant slows or stops growth, the leaves dry out.
Control measures. Spraying with an actellic (10 drops per about, 5 liters of water)
Thrips - The appearance is promoted by high temperature and low humidity.
On the underside of the syngonium leaf, thrips lays numerous colonies, and light dots appear on the upper side of the leaf. As a result, the upper side of the leaf turns grayish brown with a silvery sheen.
Control measures. The plant should be sprayed, if necessary repeatedly, with insecticides (phytoverm, actellic, intavir).
Dry brown tips or leaf edges - due to too dry air.
Leaves turn pale and lose their luster - due to too high humidity or excessive watering.
New leaves are smaller than old - due to lack of lighting or nutrients in the soil.
Variegated forms of syngonium lose their color and become almost green - due to lack of light.
Useful properties of syngoniums
Effect on the atmosphere of the house
Syngonium is endowed with a changeable character. His appearance varies greatly with age. Young leaves are variegated, white-green, and the stems are straight and short, but over time, not only the color of the leaves changes, but also their shape, from a compact bush the syngonium turns into a spreading, liana-bearing requiring support. “Everything flows, everything changes” is the motto of this plant. The effect of syngonium on the atmosphere is unique. He brings the spirit of a new time.
It is good to have this plant in a house where at least one of the residents is “behind the times”, does not understand what is happening in the world, does not understand how much has changed over the years of his life. It is useful to have a syngonium at home, when one of the households experiences a painful craving for everything old, ancient, at least old things, while at the same time aversion to modernity, to the new. If people in your house live or are often pronouncing the phrase “It used to be ...” followed by stories following this phrase, retrograde people who think that it will be better than before will no longer have a syngonium.
This plant absorbs the energy of thoughts and feelings of retrograde people and fills the atmosphere with the freshness of a new time. Under the influence of the syngonium, the atmosphere seems to whisper to the household: "Live in the present, think about the future." In a house with a syngonium, people feel more modern, younger and lighter. If you put the syngonium in the bedroom, less likely to be heavy dreams.
Impact on the emotional state
The variability of syngonium is associated with a change in the shape and color of the leaves and the shape of the stems with age. The leaves are controlled by Mercury - the lord of reason, the planet of thought, word and communication, and the stems are controlled by Saturn, the planet of character power. A changeable syngonium helps a person overcome complexes associated with communication and education, and as a result strengthen his character.
Syngonium for those who suffer from their habits, who are guided all their lives by once acquired knowledge and are afraid, do not want to broaden their horizons. The changeable syngonium helps a person not to lag behind in development, not to dwell on what is already there.
Syngonium is a good helper in learning, it speeds up the process of "digesting and assimilating" information, knowledge. Syngonium is a very suitable plant for skeptics to help them overcome skepticism and adopt something new. It is very useful to have syngonium near to scientists, researchers, teachers - everyone who is somehow connected with information, knowledge, education. Thanks to this plant, the speed of thought increases, a person synthesizes different knowledge faster in the mind.
Changeable Mercury gave the plant the ability to adapt a person to various circumstances in which it is necessary to communicate. Syngonium teaches a person to feel at height with different interlocutors, in different settings. The Syngonium reveals a talent for communication in a person, helping to become invulnerable in conversation, which is very useful if a person has any complexes associated with communication.
The curling (in adult plants) stem of the syngonium is subordinate to Saturn, but the strict planet in this plant merged with the air element and became lighter. Such a light Saturn gave the plant the ability to lighten heavy characters. Saturn can give a person principle, incline towards a tough position, but a light Saturn syngonium will help a person become more flexible in choosing a position. If you know those who will never give up their principles, even if circumstances require it, give him a syngonium.
The stems and petioles of syngonium leaves are juicy, saturated with moisture, which is associated with the water element and the emotional plan of a person. But syngonium is a winding vine, you can say that the waters of his emotions are in motion, they are striving somewhere. Syngonium is good for those who can not get rid of any sensations for a long time, for people who are emotional, impressionable.
Syngonium helps to move forward, not lingering on old experiences and pleasant feelings. Syngonium will not deprive a person of emotionality and sensitivity, but will teach you to live with new impressions, to drive away obsessive sensations.
Like any Virgo plant, syngonium has a beneficial effect on the intestines and abdominal cavity as a whole. Syngonium, striving forward, accelerates the course of intestinal diseases, contributing to their faster cure.
This plant will amaze you not only with its diverse color, but also with a beneficial effect on your condition and the condition of your loved ones!