Ogurdynya - a "hybrid" of cucumber and melon
Readers of Botanychka are well aware of the great variety of plants in nature, including vegetable crops. But the enthusiasm of gardening enthusiasts in the search and development of agricultural technology of new, little-known cultivated plants does not cease to amaze. Some of them write like this: “I can’t wait for spring, burning with impatience to experience another curiosity in the beds.” Something similar happens with me. Recently, I didn’t have enough time to visit such a vegetable as pickles, when I immediately found a lot of enthusiastic reviews about this culture and tips for growing it on the Internet.
Attractive qualities and varieties of pickles
And the reviews are as follows: first of all, cucumber pampers vegetable growers with a variety of shapes, colors and taste shades. Its fruits have a rare ability, depending on the stage of maturity, to change their shape, color, taste and aroma. In the early stage, they are no different from cucumbers, have a pleasant cucumber smell. At this time, they can be eaten fresh, cook delicious salads, salt, pickle, used for all types of processing, in which they do not lose their original color and aroma.
When ripening, these fruits experience a wonderful transformation: they become like a melon, acquire a unique taste and melon aroma. Orange-yellow, juicy, sweet pulp of pickles with an orange-honey or banana flavor is a real treat for children. Excellent jam, sweet candied fruits, amazing jams, marmalades and compotes are prepared from it, and the amazing taste of sun-dried slices of this fruit, as the vegetable growers who have already mastered it, cannot be expressed in words.
And yet: cucumber has a high yield, sufficient early maturity (from planting to harvesting fruits 1.5-2 months), cold resistance (although some advise to grow cucumbers in a greenhouse or greenhouse for the purpose of guaranteed harvesting) and are resistant to diseases. Many consider this vegetable to be the culture of the future and directly urge experimental enthusiasts not to stay away from growing cucumbers: “You will fall in love with this plant from the first days. It is simply a must for cultivation in Russia. Try it and you will like it. ”
It would be surprising if there were not enough negative feedback. Something reminiscent of a replica of the famous comedy - “Well, this is your filthy fish!” Presumably, this is because the real (desired) cucumber was obtained by crossing the best yielding varieties of cucumbers and early, sweet varieties of melons that have proven themselves when grown in any climatic conditions.
When breeding this plant, only the best representatives of these two beautiful and most popular cultures were carefully selected for their useful properties and qualities. If this principle of crossing is violated, then naturally the quality of the vegetable is completely different. The conclusion suggests itself: mastering this type of plant, you should choose the best varieties of cucumbers.
It is possible that you will have to experiment with several varieties and choose your favorite. But, I want to think, this will not stop our enthusiastic vegetable growers. Currently, the following varieties are cultivated in Russia: Alexandria, Banana, Caramel, Candy, Novelty, Fizano, Manguria, Pineapple, Superior, Special, Green, White. Plants of these varieties are powerful, with great potential for fruiting. Fruits from 30 to 50 cm long, wide, like a torpedo, very tasty, crispy, almost without seeds, they can be eaten directly with the skin.
Ogurdynya Orenburgskaya is also recommended for cultivation. This plant is strongly-climbing, resembles a cucumber, but the lashes are stronger, with large melon leaves. Its unripe fruits (Zelentsy) up to 12 cm long can be plucked in late June - early July. Fruits are dark green, densely pubescent, close to the lashes. As it grows, the cannon thins and almost disappears. Can Zelentsy be eaten fresh and processed? - salt, pickle, preserve. By August, they fully ripen, become juicy, fragrant, two-kilogram melons of an elongated-oval shape, turn yellow, sometimes become mesh. On one bush grows up to 10-12 melons.
All cucumbers love sunlight, in partial shade of the fruit you can not wait. So that they do not talk about their unpretentiousness, like all plants of the pumpkin family, it is advisable for cucumbers to provide fertile soil. Some people think that they produce the best fruits when grown on a compost heap. It is better to start preparing the soil under the cucumbers in the fall. After digging in it, humus is added (15-20 kg per sq. M.), Ammonium nitrate, potassium sulfate, superphosphate. Many prefer organic fertilizers, mainly mullein. With the advent of spring, the soil should be loosened and kept clean.
At the initial stage of growth, cucumber should be grown on moist soil with periodic mulching (hay, straw, compost), because at this time the plant consumes a lot of water. The root system of the cucumber is superficial, so you need to water it often, but in small portions. Excellent results can give an automatic drip irrigation system. With the beginning of ripening of the first fruits, the watering rate should be reduced, since excess water leads to a watery taste of the fruits and a decrease in their sugar content.
When sown directly in open ground, cucumber seeds are processed in the usual way in potassium permanganate and sown in a sufficiently moist soil as soon as it becomes warm. The distance between plants is about a meter. The first shoots appear in a week. Many people advise growing seedlings in the middle latitudes of our country nevertheless, then the fruits ripen earlier. In this case, the seeds can be planted in peat pots with humus-earth mixture, which is regularly watered. Planting seeds for seedlings is recommended at the rate of one month before they are transplanted to the garden (in the middle lane, seedlings are transplanted around mid-May).
When warm weather is established on the street and late frosts are not expected, seedlings are transplanted into a greenhouse or greenhouse, with a distance between plants of about a meter. They need to be kept under cover material until the air in the street warms up beyond 20 ° C. To get more fruits, the plant should be properly formed: the main stem is pinched above the fifth leaf, and the side shoots are behind the seventh-eighth.
There are other recommendations for pinching, namely, after the appearance of 3 or 4 fruits. Pinching the main stem stimulates the formation of lateral shoots with ovaries. But here, too, gardeners usually leave 2-3 ovaries on the shoot so that their excessive amount does not take away too much energy from the mother stem to ripen the extra fruits.
You can grow cucumbers, like cucumbers, both on the ground and on the trellis. It is advisable to protect the crop from birds, they really love the sweet thin-bodied fruits. It should also be noted that mature fruits can easily be separated from the whip, i.e. when grown on a trellis, they will often fall from a height and become damaged, becoming suitable only for receiving seeds for a future crop. And yet: cucumber does not tolerate heat, in greenhouses at high temperatures, these plants can shed ovaries. It is noted that the fruits are well tied and grow at a temperature of 25-30 ° C. They are relatively well stored (up to 50 days) if they are provided with a storage temperature in the cellar (basement) of 0 ° C and good ventilation.