Growing homfren in soil and pots
Plants with spherical inflorescences occupy a special place in the arsenal of landscape designers and gardeners. They have an amazing harmonizing effect on individual compositions and on the image of the garden as a whole. Their stars with spherical inflorescences are among perennials, and among pilots. So, the touching and at the same time very persistent homfrena, the annual dried flower, does not know its competitors. Easy to grow, it more than compensates for the efforts spent on care and brings revitalization to flower beds, pottery gardens, and winter bouquets.
Gomfren (Gomphrena) - a genus of flowering plants included in the Amaranth family (Amaranthaceae) The genus includes more than 100 species, the typical one is homophrenic spherical (Gomphrena globosa).
At globular homophrenes, the most common as a decorative plant representative of the genus, all attention is focused on inflorescences. Spherical and not so small, they can grow up to 4 cm in diameter and invariably attract attention. Modest bushes up to 40 cm high are not pretentious; greens are not the brightest, but dense and attractive, often bluish. But during flowering, homfren is literally transformed. Small flowers in inflorescences are painted in purple, red, purple, yellow or white. This summer blooms almost as relentlessly as garden ampels - from June until the onset of frost.
In addition to the classic globular homphrenia, there is also scattered and golden-flowered species with creeping, flexible shoots. homfren Hage, and diverse varieties and dwarf forms of hybrid homfren.
Comfortable conditions for homfren
In order for this beauty to please a large number of inflorescences-balls, she needs to be provided with the most brightly lit locations. Solar, warm areas, open and oriented to the south, will suit homfren as well as possible. That is why it is recommended to plant it as spots on the lawn or on flower beds with other sun-loving summer people. Despite the fact that it belongs to dried flowers, it doesn’t like homfrenes and it is better to protect it from active drafts.
The soil for this beauty is even easier to pick up. Gomfrene will suit any fertile and loose soils.
For potted homfrens, they choose the sunniest places and a high-quality, universal earth mix. The optimum is considered to be a soil consisting of equal parts of turf, leafy soils, sand and peat.
This culture does not like fresh organics and any organic fertilizers, even compost can be applied to the soil no less than a year before the planting of homfrene. In fact, the preparation for planting comes down to digging the soil, applying sand or full mineral fertilizers to correct the characteristics and carefully selecting weeds and stones.
The distance between plants should be about 20-25 cm. It is not worth it to thicken the planting of homfrena, as well as plant it closer than 20 cm from other garden plants. Landing is carried out in May or June, and individual small pits with plentiful watering immediately after the procedure.
Watering for gomfrena
Gomfren is not in vain ranked as a dried flower. However, if you want to achieve the most abundant flowering, during the hottest days, especially in July and August, it is better to try to support the plant with additional watering. In this case, the procedures will play the role of compensating for the temperature, and not the absence of moisture.
Potted homphrenes need watering that is common to all flyers - maintaining light, constant soil moisture. It will forgive you for a short drying of the substrate, but it is better not to forget about the system procedures.
Spherical homophrenic dressing
If you have chosen high-quality soil for this plant, then you can forget about fertilizing. Only on depleted soils, homfren will need 2-3 top dressing, which is carried out a month after planting or emergence, at the stage of budding and a month after the start of flowering. If you grow homfrena for cutting, at the stage of active seedling growth or within 1 month after planting in the soil at a constant place, you can use full mineral fertilizers to stimulate the most active growth. Gomfrena does not tolerate organics, it can not be used neither during planting, nor in the growth process.
For potted homfren, top dressing should be more active, but still not as frequent as for the rest of the flyers. They are introduced only in June and July, using complex universal mineral fertilizers once every 2 weeks in a standard dosage.
This yearbook is not afraid of formation, but it is carried out only for potted homfren. It is better to give the plant freedom and cut only for bouquets: in the place of the cut inflorescence, new peduncles will grow from the axils of the leaves.
For dry bouquets, the inflorescences are cut at different stages of opening, thus obtaining different-colored balls that are different in size. The most effective inflorescences when reaching inflorescences of size and stopping development. But if you want to prepare gomfrena for bouquets, then try to remove the inflorescences before the lower scales in the inflorescence balls begin to drill.
Note: homfren — a plant is not only decorative, but also useful. It is actively used in folk medicine as a means of strengthening the immune system and restoring after diseases.
Diseases and Pests
Like most dried flowers, homfren is practically not sick, and problems with its cultivation can occur only on moist soil. Pests are not afraid of her.
Propagation of homfren
This summer can only be propagated by seed. Gomfren can be grown through seedlings and directly sown in open ground. But since crops can be carried out only in June, it will only be possible to enjoy homfrena flowering in the middle zone only in mid-autumn. That is why for regions with harsh winters, only a seedling method is recommended.
Seedlings are sown in March or April. The substrate from any fertile soil mixtures must first be disinfected with special preparations or scalded with boiling water. Sowing is carried out shallow, densely, the crops are covered with a film. It’s better not to create too hot conditions for homfren: it’s enough for 18-20 degrees of heat. Be sure to take care of shading. Crops are transferred to a bright place immediately after emergence, then the air temperature can be increased. Diving is carried out as it grows, 2 weeks after germination, using individual pots, large boxes or the soil of the greenhouse to grow plants. Gomfren is not afraid of transplantation, so it can be grown in the way that suits you best. Gomfren seedlings are afraid of waterlogging and need to be watered moderately.
In open ground, homfren can only be transferred after the threat of even light frosts disappears - at the end of May or June.