In China, they are called the flowers of emperors and are considered the embodiment of beauty. And in Japan, this plant is recognized as a flower of well-being and prosperity, it is impossible to argue with this. In all countries, these hardy wonder flowers are of great interest. A tree peony differs from a grassy one in that it is a shrub. With the onset of frost, he discards the leaves, and the stems remain to winter over the surface of the earth. Treelike peonies usually reach a height of 1-1.5 m, and in the southern regions - up to 2.5 m and even higher. The flowers of these peonies are very large - up to 25-30 cm in diameter.
Simple, semi-double and terry huge flowers turn the bush into an unusual luxurious bouquet! The color of the flowers is the most varied. Along with white, pink and red varieties with yellow and violet colors, as well as two- and three-colored ones, are often found.
A tree peony in an amazing way combines the pampered luxury of flowering and powerful growth.
Several dozens of huge, unusually beautiful flowers can be counted on one bush. It is a pity, but the period of the magnificent fragrance of peony flowers is short. However, this sight is worth looking at!
After flowering, the bush of the tree-like peony remains decorative until the end of the fall, thanks to the openwork carved foliage with a light bluish tint due to wax coating.
Varieties of tree peony
Varieties of tree peonies are divided into several groups:
- Sino-European - with heavy double flowers;
- Japanese - with non-double or semi-double light and airy flowers;
- hybrids of yellow peony and Dela vei peony with a shrub peony.
Varieties of foreign origin, sourced from China and Poland, are poorly adapted to the Russian climate and rarely survive from anyone.
But it is not all that bad! In the botanical garden of Moscow State University for 30 years, selection work has been carried out with tree-shaped peonies, the result of which are domestic varieties. Marianna Sergeevna Uspenskaya received 17 hybrids of tree pions, which are listed in the Catalog of varieties approved for use in production in the Russian Federation. Among the most decorative varieties, Vorobyevsky, Moscow University, Hoffman, Stefan, Peter the Great, V. Tikhomirov, Tatyana, Muse and others became widely known.
These winter-hardy Russian varieties of treelike peony feel great not only in the European part of the country, but also in the Urals, and even in Siberia.
By the way: Tree peonies have a peculiarity: they grow very slowly. And wait for the lush flowering accounts for almost 10 years. You can accelerate development by planting cuttings of a tree-like peony on the roots of a grassy peony.
Planting and replanting tree peony bushes
And so you have acquired this vegetable miracle - a tree-like peony. The tree peony culture is quite simple. Freezing of shoots of varying degrees occurs often, but nevertheless, a bush 1 m high is quickly restored and blooms well. The most important thing is to immediately find the right place for him, so as not to touch him for many years. Under good conditions, bushes can grow in one place for decades. Damp areas are completely unsuitable. It is believed that a tree peony is undemanding to soil, but loose, fertile, alkaline and well-drained are more preferable.
The best timing for planting a tree peony is early spring and autumn. The size of the landing pit is 40 x 40 x 40 cm. In addition to garden soil, compost and complex mineral fertilizers are added. If the soil on the site is heavy, clayey, then sand and gravel are added to it. All prepared components are mixed well with the topsoil, taken out by digging a hole, and a plant is planted. Planting depth should be such that the vaccination site is 10-15 cm below the soil surface.
It is possible to occult the planted peony higher by pouring a small mound of light air permeable earth mixture. Over time, new roots will develop on this underground part of the scion and a root-bearing plant will be obtained. If desired, some shoots can be separated from it - layering.
Tree Peony Care
All care is reduced to the usual weeding, top dressing, watering in a dry time. In the first year, plants, as a rule, do not bloom and look weak. If the buds are still formed, then they must be removed before blooming so as not to weaken the plants.
These peonies need good watering. As for top dressing, in spring and early summer they are very important for the normal growth of young shoots, usually ending in flower buds. At the end of the summer, feeding is best avoided, especially with nitrogen fertilizers, because this leads to a decrease in winter hardiness.
Trimming the bush is carried out in early April. In fact, a tree peony does not like pruning. Only broken and old dried branches are cut. The second time you need to trim the frozen tops of the shoots when the buds are completely bloomed. Just take your time, the upper, slightly frozen kidneys wake up late.
If you do not plan to get seeds, then wilted flowers regularly remove, so as not to deplete the plant.
If necessary, so that they do not break under the weight of large flowers, the bushes are tied to supports.
In very rainy weather, it is better to treat the plant with copper-containing preparations from gray rot that affects flowers and buds.
Tree peony propagation
Seeds varietal tree-shaped peonies form weakly, and terry peonies, as a rule, do not give them at all. Therefore, seed propagation of these peonies is difficult. If the seeds are tied, then interesting seedlings that differ from each other can grow from them. Freshly picked seeds germinate for 2-3 years, and seedlings bloom only for 5-7 years.
Cuttings tree peonies practically does not give positive results.
Graft on tree seedlings or on the roots of grassy peonies is the most common way of propagating varietal forms. This is not a simple matter, only specialists can do it. In China, this method of propagation is well established and in our garden centers and shops seedlings of tree peonies of Chinese origin are often found.
Layering and dividing the bush it is possible to propagate a tree-like peony if it is root-own. These methods of propagation of tree-shaped peonies should be considered the simplest and most affordable.
Purchased grafted plants in the first two to three years must be covered. Not used to our frosts, they can freeze to the level of vaccination. You can cover the bushes with several layers of spanbond, natural burlap, cardboard, and fill up with snow from above. Before sheltering the branches of the peony, they are bound with twine. This will protect them from breaking off with snow, since the wood of the peony is fragile and fragile.
Tree Peony Growing Tips
Tree peonies, characterized by large bush sizes, are best planted one at a time or in small groups. It’s good to place such a bush near a bench for relaxation, to admire not only the flowers, but also the beauty of the rugged and wonderfully colored leaves.
A beautifully shaped bush can emphasize the turn of a path or path. Pion bushes planted in a row will help diversify the monotonous greens of the conifer used to construct the hedge.
Actually, the flowers of the tree peony themselves - large, double or simple, but the size of a saucer, of a wide variety of colors and shades, with and without aroma, will always surprise and delight both the owners and their guests.